Show them the data and set individual goals

Ownership is a huge part of success. Have each student examine their previous scores, setting goals that they agree to reach for.

Break things down into concrete chunks. If students see that only one or two more questions answered correctly might have put them in a higher category, they can set tangible goals in the form of an informal contract, a bar graph, or a reflection paragraph. Remember that “Do better next time” can’t be achieved without defining better.